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CRIJ 3324 (Fansher)

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association

APA Citation Resources

The APA Style Manual is not available in eformat.  The following links can assist you in formatting in-text citations or your works cited page in the correct APA format.

Examples of Bibliography Citations

The following are a list of citation examples. Remember, these are examples of only a few sources you may encounter in your research.

Journal Article with a DOI

Note: Include the whole page range, include URL, name of the database and/or the DOI. The DOI is preferred over the URL. Only capitalize the first word in a title and proper nouns/ 

Author, A.A., & Author, B.B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number if available), pp-pp. doi:0000000/000000000000 or

Keng, H., Chun-Hung L., Orazem, P. (2017, Spring). Expanding college access in Taiwan, 1978-2015: Effects on graduate quality and income inequality. Journal of Human Capital, 11(1), 1-34.

Book with One Author

Author, A.A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.

Smith, Z. (2016). Swing time. New York: Penguin Press.


Note: Include URL or name of database. 

Author, A.A. (Year of publication). Title of book. Location: Publisher. Retrieved from URL.

Rivenburg, D. (2014). The new corporate facts of life. New York: American Management Association. Retrieved from,uid&db=cat01577a&AN=uhv.554104&site=eds-live.

Streaming Video (e.g. YouTube, Vimeo)

Author, A.A. [Screen Name/Username]. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from URL.

Bouman, K. (2016, November) How to take a picture of a black hole. [Video file]. Retrieved from


Author, A.A. & Author B.B. (Date of publication). Title of page [Format description when necessary]. Retrieved from URL.

Note: If the page does not have a listed author, start with the title instead.

Yale facts. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Online Newspaper Article

Author, Last, First Initial. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper. Retrieved from URL

Grady, D. (2011, March 2). Fewer patients in I.C.U. getting blood infections. The New York Times. Retrieved from,uid&db=f6h&AN=58720342&site=eds-live

Authored Report (e.g. company or industry report)

Author Last Name, First Initial. (Year, Month Day). Title of report. (Report Number). Retrieved from [insert database name]: URL.

Hyland, R. (2019, June). Coffee & snack shops in the U.S. (US Industry (NAICS) Report 72221B). Retrieved from IBIS World: