APA 7th Edition

The American Psychological Association (APA) style is commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. APA Style is currently in the 7th edition, which was released in 2019.

Common disciplines that use APA Style to cite sources:

  • Psychology
  • Sociology
  • Nursing and Health
  • Engineering
  • Business
  • Communications

APA Citation Resources

The following links can assist you in formatting in-text citations or your works cited page in the correct APA format.

Examples of Bibliography Citations

The following are a list of citation examples. Remember, these are examples of only a few sources you may encounter in your research.

Journal Article with a DOI

Note: Include the whole page range, include URL, name of the database and/or the DOI. The DOI is preferred over the URL. Only capitalize the first word in a title and proper nouns/ 

Author, A.A., & Author, B.B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number if available), pp-pp. doi:0000000/000000000000 or https://doi.org/10.0000/0000

Keng, H., Chun-Hung L., Orazem, P. (2017, Spring). Expanding college access in Taiwan, 1978-2015: Effects on graduate quality and income inequality. Journal of Human Capital, 11(1), 1-34. https://doi.org/10.1086.690235.


Book with One Author

Author, A.A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.

Smith, Z. (2016). Swing time. New York: Penguin Press.


E-Book

Note: Include URL or name of database. 

Author, A.A. (Year of publication). Title of book. Location: Publisher. Retrieved from URL.

Rivenburg, D. (2014). The new corporate facts of life. New York: American Management Association. Retrieved from https://login.ruby.uhv.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,uid&db=cat01577a&AN=uhv.554104&site=eds-live.


Streaming Video (e.g. YouTube, Vimeo)

Author, A.A. [Screen Name/Username]. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from URL.

Bouman, K. (2016, November) How to take a picture of a black hole. [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.ted.com/talks/katie_bouman_what_does_a_black_hole_look_like.


Webpage

Author, A.A. & Author B.B. (Date of publication). Title of page [Format description when necessary]. Retrieved from URL.

Note: If the page does not have a listed author, start with the title instead.

Yale facts. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.yale.edu/about-yale/yale-facts.


Online Newspaper Article

Author, Last, First Initial. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper. Retrieved from URL

Grady, D. (2011, March 2). Fewer patients in I.C.U. getting blood infections. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://login.ruby.uhv.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,uid&db=f6h&AN=58720342&site=eds-live


Authored Report (e.g. company or industry report)

Author Last Name, First Initial. (Year, Month Day). Title of report. (Report Number). Retrieved from [insert database name]: URL.

Hyland, R. (2019, June). Coffee & snack shops in the U.S. (US Industry (NAICS) Report 72221B). Retrieved from IBIS World: https://login.ruby.uhv.edu/login?url=http://www.IBISWorld.com